SDG 2: The Quest for Zero Hunger

Mon Apr 17 2023

In today's rapidly changing world, the need for sustainable solutions to combat hunger and malnutrition has never been greater. The United Nations' second Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 2) is centered on ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture. But what does SDG 2 entail, and how can we all contribute to this global goal?

The Importance of SDG 2: A World Without Hunger

Hunger and malnutrition remain some of the most pressing global challenges, with an estimated 690 million people going hungry every day. With the world's population expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, the demand for food will only continue to grow. SDG 2 aims to tackle this issue by promoting sustainable agriculture practices that can help feed the world's population while preserving the environment for future generations.

In order to better understand the various aspects of SDG 2, it's essential to explore its targets and indicators. The goal encompasses five main targets, which include doubling agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, ensuring sustainable food production systems, maintaining genetic diversity of seeds and livestock, increasing investment in rural infrastructure, and maintaining proper functioning of food commodity markets. Each target plays a crucial role in addressing different facets of global hunger and malnutrition, and achieving these targets will require a concerted effort from governments, private sector, and civil society alike.

The targets of SDG 2

  1. Double agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers: This target aims to enhance the income and productivity of small-scale farmers, fishers, and herders by providing them with access to modern technologies, financial services, and markets. By empowering these individuals, we can ensure a more equitable distribution of resources and help reduce poverty and hunger in rural areas.
  2. Ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices: Sustainable agriculture involves the adoption of farming practices that preserve the environment, reduce waste, and promote soil health. By adopting climate-smart techniques, like crop rotation, agroforestry, and organic farming, we can enhance the resilience of our food systems to climate change, increase food security, and protect biodiversity.
  3. Maintain genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals, and their related wild species: Conserving genetic diversity is crucial for maintaining healthy ecosystems and ensuring food security. This target focuses on the preservation of plant and animal genetic resources, which can provide valuable traits for breeding programs and help build resilience against diseases, pests, and climate change.
  4. Increase investment in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, technology, and extension services: Investment in rural infrastructure, such as roads, storage facilities, and irrigation systems, can improve access to markets and services for small-scale food producers. Additionally, investing in agricultural research and extension services can help farmers adopt new technologies and sustainable farming practices, ultimately increasing their productivity and incomes.
  5. Maintain proper functioning of food commodity markets and facilitate timely access to market information: This target seeks to ensure that food markets function effectively and transparently, preventing food price volatility and promoting fair trade. Access to timely and accurate market information can help small-scale food producers make informed decisions and reduce their vulnerability to market fluctuations.

To dive deeper into the diverse topics covered by SDG 2 and its connection to other sustainable development goals, you can explore the wealth of resources available on our blog. For example, our article on sustainable agriculture explains the importance of responsible farming practices in achieving food security and environmental sustainability. Furthermore, our piece on SDG 1 highlights the strong connection between eradicating poverty and achieving zero hunger. By staying informed and engaged, we can all contribute to the global effort towards a hunger-free world.

The Role of Green Companies in Achieving SDG 2

Many innovative companies are working towards SDG 2 by developing and implementing sustainable agriculture practices. For instance, Beyond Meat is a pioneer in plant-based protein alternatives, reducing the need for resource-intensive livestock farming. Similarly, PeelPioneers is turning citrus waste into valuable resources, preventing food waste while creating new revenue streams.

At, you can find numerous job opportunities at companies like these, helping you make a difference while building a fulfilling career.

Sustainable Agriculture: A Key Solution for SDG 2

Regenerative Agriculture

Regenerative agriculture focuses on improving soil health, promoting biodiversity, and increasing water retention. By embracing these practices, farmers can enhance their crop yields and build resilience against climate change, ultimately contributing to SDG 2.

Vertical Farming

Vertical farming involves growing crops in stacked layers, often in controlled environments. This innovative approach maximizes the use of space, reduces water consumption, and eliminates the need for harmful pesticides. Vertical farming has the potential to revolutionize the agriculture industry, helping to feed growing urban populations sustainably.


Permaculture is a holistic approach to agriculture, focusing on designing agricultural systems that work harmoniously with nature. By mimicking natural ecosystems, permaculture can create diverse, resilient, and self-sustaining systems that contribute to SDG 2.

Tackling Food Waste through Innovative Technologies and Policies

One major issue in achieving SDG 2 is the enormous amount of food waste generated worldwide. Companies like Upcycling Plastic and TerraCycle are working towards reducing waste by developing innovative upcycling solutions. These organizations aim to extend the lifecycle of products and materials, turning waste into valuable resources.

Governments and private sectors can collaborate to formulate policies that encourage more sustainable food production and consumption practices. For example, tax incentives and subsidies can be provided to farmers adopting regenerative agricultural practices, while consumers can be educated on the importance of reducing food waste and making more sustainable food choices.

Education and Empowerment: Key Factors in Achieving SDG 2

Education plays a significant role in achieving Zero Hunger. By providing individuals with knowledge on sustainable agricultural practices, nutrition, and food waste reduction, societies can become more resilient and self-sufficient. Organizations like Udemy offer online courses that cover various aspects of sustainable agriculture and food security, enabling people to learn at their own pace and implement the knowledge gained in their local communities.

Empowering women and marginalized communities is another crucial aspect of achieving SDG 2. When women have equal access to resources, education, and decision-making opportunities, they can contribute significantly to reducing hunger and malnutrition. Organizations like Equality Now and Rise Up work tirelessly to ensure that women and marginalized communities have access to the resources and opportunities they need to thrive.


Achieving SDG 2 - Zero Hunger is a multifaceted challenge that requires the collaboration of governments, private sectors, NGOs, and individuals. Through innovative agricultural practices, the promotion of sustainable diets, waste reduction, education, and empowerment, we can work towards a world where no one goes hungry.

By pursuing a career in the sustainable food sector, individuals can contribute to this global movement and make a tangible difference in the fight against hunger. Whether through research, innovation, education, or advocacy, there are numerous opportunities for individuals to get involved and help create a more sustainable and equitable food system.

As we move forward, continued investment in sustainable agricultural practices, food waste reduction, and empowering marginalized communities will be essential. By working together, we can ensure that every person has access to nutritious food, thus paving the way towards a world free of hunger and malnutrition.

To further support this cause, consider supporting organizations and businesses dedicated to addressing food security, advocating for sustainable policies, and raising awareness about the importance of achieving SDG 2. Every action, no matter how small, can contribute to the global effort to eradicate hunger and ensure food security for all.

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