The Pursuit of SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation for All

Wed Apr 26 2023

Water is the lifeblood of our planet, and access to clean water and sanitation is a basic human right. Yet, millions around the world still lack these essentials. The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6) aims to ensure access to clean water and sanitation for all by 2030. In this article, we'll explore the importance of SDG 6 and how companies and individuals can contribute to achieving this goal.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. The Importance of SDG 6
  3. Companies contributing to SDG 6
  4. Green Job Opportunities in SDG 6
  5. The Role of Individuals in Achieving SDG 6
  6. Overcoming Challenges to Reach SDG 6
  7. Conclusion
  8. FAQs

The Importance of SDG 6

Water scarcity affects more than 40% of the global population, and 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services. The situation is dire, and SDG 6 seeks to address these challenges by:

  • Providing universal access to safe and affordable drinking water
  • Ensuring access to adequate sanitation and hygiene for all
  • Improving water quality and reducing pollution
  • Increasing water-use efficiency and ensuring sustainable water withdrawals
  • Protecting and restoring water-related ecosystems

Achieving SDG 6 is crucial not only for human well-being but also for the sustainability of our planet. It's an essential component of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to create a better world for all.

Companies contributing to SDG 6

Innovation and collaboration are key to achieving SDG 6. Here are some real-life examples of projects making a difference:

  • Charity: Water is a nonprofit organization that provides clean and safe drinking water to people in developing countries by funding sustainable water projects.
  • Elemental Water Makers offers sustainable desalination solutions for water-scarce regions, turning seawater into drinking water using solar or wind energy.
  • Lorentz, which develops solar-powered water pumping solutions for agricultural, residential, and commercial use.
  • Dopper, a company that designs reusable water bottles and focuses on reducing single-use plastic waste while raising awareness about the global water crisis.

Green Job Opportunities in SDG 6

As more companies focus on contributing to SDG 6, there is an increasing demand for skilled professionals who are passionate about clean water and sanitation. Green jobs in this sector range from engineering and technology roles to advocacy and communications. Let's take a look at some of the opportunities available for those seeking to make a difference in this critical area.

  1. Water Treatment Specialists: These professionals are responsible for ensuring the quality and safety of drinking water by managing the treatment processes and monitoring water quality. They play a vital role in protecting public health and ensuring access to clean water.
  2. Wastewater Engineers: Wastewater engineers design and manage systems for the treatment, disposal, and reuse of wastewater. Their work helps to prevent pollution and protect water resources, contributing directly to SDG 6.
  3. Hydrologists: These scientists study the distribution, movement, and quality of water in the environment. They help to manage water resources and develop sustainable solutions for water-related issues, including droughts, floods, and pollution.
  4. Water Conservation Specialists: These professionals develop and implement strategies to reduce water usage, promote water efficiency, and encourage sustainable water management practices. They work with businesses, government agencies, and communities to optimize water use and minimize waste.
  5. Environmental Advocates: Individuals passionate about clean water and sanitation can work for non-profit organizations, raising awareness and promoting action on SDG 6. This may involve campaigning, fundraising, or lobbying for policy changes to improve water and sanitation services.
  6. Water Quality Analysts: These experts test water samples to ensure they meet safety standards and identify any potential contaminants. They play a crucial role in maintaining the quality of drinking water and protecting public health.

The Role of Individuals in Achieving SDG 6

While governments and businesses have a significant part to play in achieving SDG 6, individuals can also contribute to clean water and sanitation goals. Here are some ways you can make a difference:

  1. Conserve water: Simple actions like turning off the tap while brushing your teeth, fixing leaks, and using water-efficient appliances can help conserve water resources.
  2. Dispose of waste responsibly: Avoid flushing non-biodegradable items down the toilet and dispose of chemicals and hazardous waste appropriately to prevent water pollution.
  3. Support organizations working on water and sanitation issues: Donate to or volunteer with organizations like Charity: Water that are working to provide clean water and sanitation services to communities in need.
  4. Spread awareness: Share information about the importance of clean water and sanitation with your friends and family and encourage them to take action.

Overcoming Challenges to Reach SDG 6

Achieving SDG 6 by 2030 will require overcoming several challenges, including:

  1. Insufficient funding: Investments in water and sanitation infrastructure are often inadequate, particularly in low-income countries. Increased funding from governments, businesses, and international organizations is essential to achieve SDG 6.
  2. Climate change: Rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and more frequent extreme weather events are exacerbating water scarcity and pollution. Addressing climate change is crucial to safeguarding water resources and achieving SDG 6.
  3. Population growth and urbanization: As the global population grows and more people move to cities, the demand for water and sanitation services is increasing. Sustainable urban planning and innovative solutions are needed to meet these challenges.


SDG 6 is a critical goal that impacts human health, well-being, and the environment. Companies like Lorentz and Dopper are taking steps to address water and sanitation challenges, while green job opportunities in this sector continue to grow. However, achieving this goal requires collective action from governments, businesses, and individuals. By conserving water, disposing of waste responsibly, and supporting organizations focused on water and sanitation issues, everyone can contribute to a world where clean water and sanitation are accessible to all.


Q1: What is SDG 6?

A1: SDG 6, or Sustainable Development Goal 6, is one of the 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015 as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It aims to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

Q2: Why is SDG 6 important?

A2: SDG 6 is crucial because access to clean water and sanitation is essential for human health, well-being, and sustainable development. It also plays a significant role in reducing poverty, promoting economic growth, and preserving ecosystems.

Q3: How can individuals contribute to SDG 6?

A3: Individuals can contribute to SDG 6 by conserving water, disposing of waste responsibly, supporting organizations working on water and sanitation issues, and spreading awareness about the importance of clean water and sanitation.

Q4: What are some green job opportunities in the water and sanitation sector?

A4: Some green job opportunities in the water and sanitation sector include water treatment specialists, wastewater engineers, hydrologists, water conservation specialists, environmental advocates, and water quality analysts.

Q5: What are the main challenges to achieving SDG 6?

A5: The main challenges to achieving SDG 6 include insufficient funding, climate change, population growth, and urbanization. Overcoming these challenges will require collective efforts from governments, businesses, and individuals.

Article updated at: Fri Apr 21 2023

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