SDG 12

Sustainable Development Goal 12: Ensuring Responsible Consumption and Production

Thu Mar 30 2023

Welcome to another blog post of our deep dive into the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. This time, we'll be looking at Sustainable Development Goal 12 (SDG 12): Ensuring responsible consumption and production. Let's explore this essential goal, the components that make it up, and how it plays a crucial role in combating climate change.

What is Goal 12 of Sustainable Development?

SDG 12 aims to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. It recognizes that our current patterns of consumption and production are depleting Earth's resources, contributing to pollution, and exacerbating the effects of climate change. By adopting more sustainable practices, we can improve our quality of life, protect our planet, and create a better future for all.

The Importance of Sustainable Consumption and Production

One of the reasons SDG 12 is so important is because it addresses the root causes of many environmental and social challenges. Unsustainable consumption and production lead to resource depletion, pollution, and waste, which in turn harm the environment, endanger human health, and exacerbate social inequalities. By tackling these issues, we can make significant progress towards a more sustainable future.

Components of SDG 12

SDG 12 has several components, all of which are designed to promote responsible consumption and production. These components include:

  1. Efficient use of natural resources
  2. Reducing waste and pollution
  3. Encouraging sustainable business practices
  4. Promoting sustainable lifestyles
  5. Supporting developing countries in their transition to sustainable practices

Targets of SDG 12

There are 11 targets under SDG 12, which provide a framework for measuring progress towards responsible consumption and production. These targets range from reducing food waste and promoting the efficient use of natural resources to fostering sustainable tourism and supporting developing countries in their sustainability efforts.

Examples of SDG 12 in Action

Goterra: Reducing Food Waste

One example of a company contributing to SDG 12 is Goterra, an innovative waste management company that uses robotic technology and insects to convert food waste into high-quality fertilizer and animal feed. By diverting food waste from landfills and turning it into valuable products, Goterra is helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, conserve resources, and create a more circular economy.

Fairphone: Promoting Sustainable Electronics

Another company making strides towards SDG 12 is Fairphone, which produces smartphones designed for longevity, repairability, and sustainability. By using responsibly sourced materials and encouraging users to repair and upgrade their devices instead of replacing them, Fairphone is working to reduce electronic waste and promote more sustainable consumption patterns.

How You Can Contribute to SDG 12

There are many ways that individuals can contribute to SDG 12, from making small changes in their daily lives to pursuing a career in sustainability. Here are some ideas to get you started:

  1. Be mindful of your consumption: Choose products made from sustainable materials, buy in bulk to reduce packaging waste, and look for energy-efficient appliances.
  2. Reduce, reuse, recycle: Minimize waste by reducing your consumption, reusing items whenever possible, and recycling what you can't reuse.
  3. Support sustainable businesses: Choose to buy from companies that prioritize sustainability, like Dopper. By supporting these businesses, you are voting with your wallet for a more sustainable future.
  4. Educate yourself and others: Learn more about sustainability issues and share your knowledge with friends, family, and colleagues. This can help raise awareness and inspire others to take action.
  5. Pursue a career in sustainability: Consider working for companies that contribute to SDG 12 and explore green job opportunities in fields like renewable energy, waste management, and sustainable agriculture. By dedicating your professional life to sustainability, you can make a lasting impact.


Sustainable Development Goal 12 is an essential part of the United Nations' effort to create a more sustainable future. By promoting responsible consumption and production, we can conserve resources, protect the environment, and create a better world for all. Whether you choose to make small changes in your daily life, support sustainable businesses, or pursue a career in sustainability, every action counts in the fight against climate change and the pursuit of the United Nations SDGs.

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